China shares encouraged by growth data
Chinese shares have picked up as the Asian giant confirmed fourth-quarter growth met expectations, albeit the weakest in nearly seven years, underlining the task Beijing faces in stabilising activity while reforming its economy.
There was relief that the reported growth of 6.8 percent from a year earlier at least matched forecasts, even if the pace was down a tick from the previous quarter.
Yet growth of 6.9 percent for 2015 as a whole was still the slowest in a quarter of a century, while monthly readings on industrial output and retail sales were weaker than expectations.
Output rose 5.9 percent compared with December 2014, while sales growth confounded analysts by pulling back to 11.1 percent. The latter disappointed those counting on the consumer to be the engine of growth while world trade remains becalmed.
"China is in a debt, deflation-led economic slowdown, and the process is very difficult for traditional monetary and fiscal policy to change the trend of the growth path - that is continued slowdown in the coming years," said Liu Li Gang, an economist at ANZ in Hong Kong.
Offshore investors were clearly unimpressed and took to selling the Australian dollar as a liquid proxy for expressing bearishness on China.
Asian equity markets were mostly in the red, while safe havens such as the Japanese yen found favour.
China's own share markets were slow to react, but picked up late in the morning session.
The benchmark Shanghai Composite Index was up 1.6 percent at the mid-session interval, while the CSI300 index of the largest listed companies in Shanghai and Shenzhen was up 1.4 percent.
The indexes remain about 15-16 percent down so far in 2016 after a series of sell-offs in the new year.
The People's Bank of China (PBOC) did its bit to try to calm nerves by keeping the yuan largely steady, setting the currency's midpoint fix at 6.5596 per dollar.
That followed news of plans requiring overseas banks to hold a certain level of yuan in reserves, a move that could raise the cost of wagering on further falls in the currency.
Tommy Xie, economist at OCBC Bank in Singapore, said he expected more stimulus to the economy from the PBOC, but the stability of the yuan, also known as the renminbi, was critical to maintaining growth.
"This is a new risk for China. If the renminbi continues to weaken, the volatility and capital outflows get worse, then that is likely to pose a challenge to growth."
The spot yuan was at 6.5793, little changed from Monday's close, but offshore it weakened 100 pips during the morning to 6.5960, nearly 0.3 percent adrift from the onshore rate.
Confusion over China's currency policy and its commitment to reforms has sparked mayhem in financial markets in recent weeks, as the PBOC allowed the yuan to fall sharply in early January then switched to aggressive intervention to steady it.