By Ola Awoniyi
Shell has been accused of making false claims about the extent of its oil spill clean-up operations in Nigeria and urged to take more action to help worst-hit communities.
Amnesty International and the Centre for Environment, Human Rights and Development (CEHRD) on Tuesday (local time) charged the oil major with failing to implement recommendations from a critical 2011 UN report.
The claims came a week before the 20th anniversary of the execution of Ken Saro-Wiwa, who helped bring the extent of oil-related ecological damage in Nigeria to world attention.
Campaigners said communities in the creeks and marshes of Nigeria's oil-producing southern delta region were facing the same problems Wiwa highlighted two decades ago.
"Twenty years; nothing has been done," Fyneface Dumnamene Fyneface, a human rights and environmental activist from Port Harcourt, said in a statement.
"Ogoniland is still polluted... no clean-up has been done... justice has not been achieved. Twenty years and what they fought for has not been addressed. That cannot continue."
Amnesty and the CEHRD's claims come in a new report, "Clean It Up: Shell's False Claims about Oil Spill Response in the Niger Delta".
The 38-page document said most of the recommendations of a UN Environment Programme (UNEP) report had not been implemented since its publication five years ago.
Thirteen out of 15 areas visited between July and September this year were still "visibly polluted" or contaminated, despite claims to the contrary by Shell and the government.
The inadequate clean up left thousands of people "exposed to contaminated land, water and air, in some cases for years or even decades," said Amnesty researcher Mark Dummett.
Either no clean-up had been carried out or had been done badly, the groups suggested, adding that other spills may have happened since.
In a letter published in the report the Shell Petroleum Development Company of Nigeria said it was "committed to the implementation of the UNEP report" and that it disagreed with the allegations made by the rights groups.