France's far-right National Front (FN) has failed to win a single region in elections despite record results in the first round, as voters flocked to traditional parties to keep them out of power.
The leader of the anti-immigration FN, Marine Le Pen, lost out to the right-wing opposition in the northern Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie region after the ruling Socialists pulled out of the race before the second round.
Her 26-year-old niece Marion Marechal-Le Pen was also defeated by the right-wing grouping in the southern region that includes the glitzy resorts of the Cote d'Azur, despite dominating the first round last week.
The FN had topped the vote in six of 13 regions on December 6, propelled by anger over the struggling economy and fears created by last month's jihadist attacks in Paris that left 130 dead.
But exactly a month on from those attacks, voters turned out in force - some 58 percent took part - and once again trounced the FN when it came down to the wire.
The ruling Socialists of President Francois Hollande and the centre-right alliance of his predecessor Nicolas Sarkozy looked to have won at least five regions each.
Socialist Prime Minister Manuel Valls warned that despite the result "the danger of the far-right has not been removed, far from it".
Despite the FN failing to grab its first-ever region, Marine Le Pen will use her party's performance as a springboard for her bid for the 2017 presidential election.
In a defiant speech to supporters after polls closed, she said "nothing can stop us now".
"In its northern and southern bastions we've eradicated the evil-doing Socialist Party," she said.
"By tripling our number of councillors, we will be the main opposition force in most of the regions of France," she added.
The FN has topped European and local polls over the past two years, bolstering Le Pen's claim that it is now "the first party of France".
But Sunday showed once again that the party struggles in the deciding round as mainstream voters gang up to keep it from power as they did in 2002 when voters switched to Jacques Chirac in a presidential run-off against Marine's father, Jean-Marie Le Pen.
Le Pen has reaped the rewards of her efforts to "de-demonise" the party bequeathed by her father, but it retains a stridently anti-immigrant edge. Critics accuse it of fomenting Islamophobia.
Her campaign also exploited anger over the situation in the northern port of Calais, where thousands of migrants are camping in squalid conditions.
France's regions have recently been enlarged and they have powers over areas such as transport, schooling and local business support.