By Michael Holden
The head of the British county police force accused of covering up failings that led to the deaths of 96 Liverpool fans at the Hillsborough soccer stadium in 1989 has been stood down as lawmakers called for prosecutions.
The suspension of Chief Constable David Crompton of South Yorkshire Police came a day after an inquest jury found the fans who died in an overcrowded, fenced-in enclosure at the ground in Sheffield were unlawfully killed, with police accepting catastrophic mistakes were made.
"Those responsible must be held to account for 96 unlawful deaths and a 27-year cover-up," Andy Burnham, the opposition Labour Party home affairs spokesman who has long campaigned for "Justice for the 96", told parliament on Wednesday.
The Hillsborough tragedy changed the face of English football with banks of terracing and metal fences around pitches replaced by modern, all-seated venues.
However, families of the victims and survivors were forced to fight for decades to overturn original conclusions that the deaths were accidental and to combat initial police claims that drunken Liverpool fans without tickets had stormed into overcrowded pens.
The jury absolved supporters of any blame, and David Duckenfield, the police commander in charge at the match, admitted to the inquest he had lied about fans forcing a gate open, and acknowledged that his failure to close an access tunnel directly caused the loss of lives.
Relatives along with Burnham and other lawmakers had said Crompton's role as the local police chief was untenable as lawyers acting for the force had repeated the discredited claims about the fans and so perpetuated a cover-up during the two-year long inquest hearings.
Alan Billings, the elected Police and Crime Commissioner for South Yorkshire, said he had no choice but to immediately suspend Crompton, who was not involved in the events in 1989, because of the erosion of public trust and confidence in him.
"No one should have to endure what the families and survivors have been through. No one should have to fight year after year, decade after decade in search of the truth," Home Secretary Theresa May told parliament.
"They suffered the injustice of hearing the victims, their loved ones, and fellow supporters being blamed."
She said prosecutors were weighing up whether to bring criminal charges against those involved, with offences ranging from gross negligence manslaughter and misconduct in public office to perjury and perverting the course of justice.
Prosecutors and the independent police watchdog will conclude their investigations by the end of the year, May said, but Burnham and other lawmakers urged charging decisions to be made sooner.
Burnham, whose speech was greeted with rare applause in the House of Commons, said the lies about Liverpool fans' behaviour had persisted because there had been complicity between police, politicians and newspapers, a cover-up that went "right to the top".