Syria rebels back ceasefire, hold concerns

  • 12/09/2016
Residents inspect a damaged site after airstrikes on a market in the rebel controlled city of Idlib (Reuters)
Residents inspect a damaged site after airstrikes on a market in the rebel controlled city of Idlib (Reuters)

Syrian rebel groups have written to the United States, saying they will "cooperate positively" with a ceasefire but have deep concerns about details of the deal as relayed to them, two rebel officials say.

The ceasefire was agreed between Russia, which backs Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, and the United States, which backs some rebel groups, is to come into effect at sundown on Monday, and excludes some jihadist groups.

"We in the revolutionary factions reconfirm our fixed position of dealing positively with the idea of a ceasefire," said the text of the letter on Sunday as confirmed by the rebel officials.

But underlining the depth of rebel concern at the details, it cited reservations "linked to our survival and continuation as a revolution".

The letter voiced worry that the ceasefire was devoid of guarantees, monitoring mechanisms or sanctions against violations, saying that the absence of such mechanisms had allowed the government to scupper a previous deal.

It also expressed concern at what it said were clauses in the agreement indicating that Syrian government jets would not be barred from flying for up to nine days after the ceasefire had taken effect.

"As you know this time frame... will give the warplanes of the regime adequate opportunity to cause huge damage in civilian areas and against our military forces," it said.

It also said excluding Jabhat Fateh al-Sham, a former al-Qaida affiliate, but not foreign militias backed by Iran, was a double standard and would make the deal less likely to succeed, warning that Russia and the government would use it as a pretext to attack other rebel groups.

It noted that while Jabhat Fateh al-Sham, formerly known as the Nusra Front, did not undertake activities outside Syria's frontiers, the "sectarian militias" fighting alongside the government operated across borders.

The Syrian government is backed by Shi'ite militias from Iraq, Lebanon and Iran.

The letter also said the agreement neglected besieged areas and offered no guarantees against the government forcing local agreements on besieged areas, as happened recently in the town of Daraya near Damascus.