Russia's plans to build a base on the moon are well underway, with the deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin confirming they're developing a 'super heavy' rocket to carry supplies.
The country's hoping to land a dozen cosmonauts on the lunar surface in 2031.
Are these legitimate plans?
Astrobiologist and professor at the University of Auckland, Kathy Campbell, spoke to Mark Sainsbury about world super powers' revived interest in space exploration.
Watch the video.