US President Donald Trump's son-in-law and close adviser, Jared Kushner, had at least three previously undisclosed contacts with the Russian ambassador to the United States during and after the 2016 presidential campaign, seven current and former US officials told Reuters.
Those contacts included two phone calls between April and November last year, two of the sources said. By early this year, Mr Kushner had become a focus of the FBI investigation into whether there was any collusion between the Trump campaign and the Kremlin, said two other sources - one current and one former law enforcement official.
Mr Kushner initially had come to the attention of FBI investigators last year as they began scrutinising former national security adviser Michael Flynn's connections with Russian officials, the two sources said.
While the FBI is investigating Mr Kushner's contacts with Russia, he is not currently a target of that investigation, the current law enforcement official said.
The new information about the two calls as well as other details uncovered by Reuters shed light on when and why Mr Kushner first attracted FBI attention and show that his contacts with Russian envoy Sergei Kislyak were more extensive than the White House has acknowledged.
NBC News reported on Thursday that Mr Kushner was under scrutiny by the FBI, in the first sign that the investigation, which began last July, has reached the President's inner circle.
The FBI declined to comment, while the Russian embassy said it was policy not to comment on individual diplomatic contacts. The White House did not respond to a request for comment.
Mr Kushner's attorney, Jamie Gorelick, said Kushner did not remember any calls with Mr Kislyak between April and November.
"Mr Kushner participated in thousands of calls in this time period. He has no recollection of the calls as described. We have asked [Reuters] for the dates of such alleged calls so we may look into it and respond, but we have not received such information," she said.
In March, the White House said that Kushner and Flynn had met Mr Kislyak at Trump Tower in December to establish "a line of communication." Mr Kislyak also attended a Trump campaign speech in Washington in April 2016 that Kushner attended. The White House did not acknowledge any other contacts between Kushner and Russian officials.
Before the election, Mr Kislyak's undisclosed discussions with Mr Kushner and Mr Flynn focused on fighting terrorism and improving US-Russian economic relations, six of the sources said. Former President Barack Obama imposed sanctions on Russia after it seized Crimea and started supporting separatists in eastern Ukraine in 2014.
After the November 8 election, Mr Kushner and Mr Flynn also discussed with Mr Kislyak the idea of creating a back channel between Mr Trump and Russian President Vladimir Putin that could have bypassed diplomats and intelligence agencies, two of the sources said. Reuters was unable to determine how those discussions were conducted or exactly when they took place.
Reuters was first to report last week that a proposal for a back channel was discussed between Mr Flynn and Mr Kislyak as Mr Trump prepared to take office. The Washington Post was first to report on Friday that Mr Kushner participated in that conversation.
Separately, there were at least 18 undisclosed calls and emails between Trump associates and Kremlin-linked people in the seven months before the November 8 presidential election, including six calls with Mr Kislyak, sources told Reuters earlier this month.
Two people familiar with those 18 contacts said Mr Flynn and Mr Kushner were among the Trump associates who spoke to the ambassador by telephone. Reuters previously reported only Mr Flynn's involvement in those discussions.
Six of the sources said there were multiple contacts between Mr Kushner and Mr Kislyak but declined to give details beyond the two phone calls between April and November and the post-election conversation about setting up a back channel. It is also not clear whether Mr Kushner engaged with Mr Kislyak on his own or with other Trump aides.