A magnitude-6.3 earthquake has jolted the Philippines, including the capital, triggering panic among residents but no reports of damages or casualties.
The tremor's epicentre was located southwest of Nasugbu town in Batangas province, 65km south of Manila, according to the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology.
People rushed out of homes, offices and commercial buildings in Manila, where the quake was felt at intensity 4.
In June, two people died and hundreds were injured when a 6.5-magnitude earthquake struck the eastern Philippines. The country is located in the Pacific "Ring of Fire", where about 90 per cent of the world's earthquakes occur.
The last major quake to hit the country was a 7.1-magnitude tremor that killed more than 220 people in the central Philippines in October 2013.
In July 1990, more than 2400 people were killed on the northern island of Luzon in a magnitude-7.8 quake, one of the strongest tremors ever to hit the country.