You may want to rethink eating food you have shooed flies away from.
New research from the United States suggests that common house flies carry far more dangerous bacteria than originally thought.
The Telegraph UK reports that researchers at Penn State Eberly College of Science have found house flies carry salmonella, E. coli and even bacteria, which can lead to stomach ulcers and fatal sepsis.
The research, published in Scientific Reports, says flies may have been overlooked by public health officials as a source of disease outbreaks.
The paper found that flies legs transferred most of the microbial organisms from one surface to another, suggesting even a brief step onto food could leave behind bacteria.
Flies in urban areas were found to carry more bacteria than rural flies, with the scientists suggesting to avoid city parks for picnics and, instead, eating food in more rural locations.
The study suggests flies pick up the bacteria from faeces and decaying organic matter, which they use to nurture their young.
''People had some notion that there were pathogens that were carried by flies, but had no idea of the extent to which this is true and the extent to which they are transferred." said Dr Donald Bryant, Professor of Biotechnology at Penn State University.
"We believe that this may show a mechanism for pathogen transmission that has been overlooked by public health officials."
Maybe think twice before chowing down on any food you've left sitting out this summer.