Johnson & Johnson said on Friday it is recalling around 33,000 bottles of baby powder in the United States after US health regulators found trace amounts of asbestos in samples taken from a bottle purchased online.
The move marks the first time the company has recalled its baby powder for possible asbestos contamination, and the first time US regulators have announced a finding of asbestos in a J&J powder. Asbestos is a known carcinogen that has been linked to mesothelioma.
The voluntary recall is limited to one lot of Johnson's Baby Powder produced and shipped in the United States in 2018, the company said. J&J in a news release said that testing by the US Food and Drug Administration as recently as a month ago found no asbestos in their talc.
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J&J shares were down 4.6 percent on Friday.
The US healthcare conglomerate is facing some 15,000 lawsuits from plaintiffs claiming use of J&J talc products caused cancer.
J&J said on a conference call that it received a report from the FDA on October 17 alerting the company about the asbestos finding. It said it has started an investigation and is reviewing manufacturing records to determine where the product was shipped.
J&J added that it is working with the FDA to determine the integrity of the tested sample as well as the validity of test results.
The FDA was not immediately available to comment.
Since 2003, talc in Johnson's Baby Powder sold in the United States has come from China through supplier Imerys Talc America, a unit of Paris-based Imerys and a co-defendant in much of the talc litigation. Imerys and J&J said the Chinese talc is safe.
Reuters on Dec. 14 published a special report detailing that the company knew for decades that trace amounts of asbestos could be found in its talc. J&J has repeatedly said that its talc products are safe, and that decades of studies have shown them to be asbestos-free and that they do not cause cancer.
The FDA test indicated the presence of no greater than 0.00002 percent of chrysotile asbestos in the tested sample, J&J said.
The World Health Organization and other authorities recognise no safe level of exposure to asbestos. While most people exposed never develop cancer, for some, even small amounts of asbestos are enough to trigger the disease years later.
Wells Fargo analyst Larry Biegelsen said in a note to clients that the recall could encourage additional lawsuits and prompt the company to pursue a broader settlement.
Biegelsen estimates a settlement could cost the company US$2 billion to US$6 billion, assuming 20,000 cases outstanding and a settlement amount of US$100,000 to US$300,000 per person.
J&J declined to comment on Biegelsen's projections.
Jefferies healthcare equities strategist Jared Holz said J&J has already lost close to US$10 billion in market value due to the talc issue over the past year.
"This is one single bottle within one lot with barely a trace here," he said in a phone interview. "We'll have to see what other details will emerge as far as this recall."
The company's consumer unit said it was too early to confirm whether cross-contamination of the sample had caused a false positive, whether the sample was taken from a bottle with an intact seal or whether the sample was prepared in a controlled environment. It added that it could not confirm whether the tested product was authentic or counterfeit.
New Jersey-based J&J has dominated the talc powder market for more than 100 years. While talc products contributed about US$420 million to J&J's US$76.5 billion in revenue in 2017, baby powder is considered an essential facet of the healthcare-products maker's carefully tended image as a caring company.