Auckland Council has voted in favour of holding a consultation for a regional fuel tax. The consultation runs for two weeks from Tuesday.
Fifteen councillors approved the motion on Monday afternoon, with just two opposing.
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The tax on petrol and diesel, of 11.5 cents per litre for ten years maximum, is expected to raise about $150 million per year to fund transport infrastructure for Auckland.
Transport Minister Phil Twyford has applauded the Council's decision, calling it a "victory for progress".
He said National-aligned councillors who voted for it are to be commended for putting the city's best interests ahead of "petty politicking".
"[They] deserve a special mention for standing up for their local communities and defying their party heavyweights."
He called the decision a "kick in the guts" for National leader Simon Bridges, who that morning had promised to repeal the tax if his party was elected in 2020.
"National would deny Auckland the certainty of a fully-funded transport infrastructure programme over the next 10 years that will create a congestion-free network, and unlock the enormous growth and wealth creation potential of our largest city."
He accused Mr Bridges of wanting to "keep Auckland in the dark ages" by opposing the tax.
The levy would come into practice by July 1.