Jenna Lynch election 2023 analysis: Winston Peters getting deputy PM first serves coalition better - but teething issues sign of things to come

ANALYSIS: The cone of secrecy lifted on coalition negotiations on Friday and boy there was a lot hiding under there - shared responsibilities and 30 pages of small type font which will dramatically change the direction of this country. 

Judging by the faces and reactions to some of the more bizarre moments in the room, these three leaders - Christopher Luxon, Winston Peters and David Seymour - are going to face a few teething issues. 

But the coalition documents provide guidance for everyone.

I think the two other leaders were perhaps expecting a more dignified tone from Peters to match the moment, but as everyone knows - don't ever assume you know what Peters is going to do.   

We got an insight into what those coalition talks may have been like, what may have caused the hold ups, that final squabble over positions ending in compromise that Peters is only just ok with.  

When it came to deciding who got the first spin in the deputy chair, no prizes for guessing who that mattered more to. I understand Peters went in with the experience card and Seymour ceded it easily.  

But this sequencing may serve the coalition well because the three are not thinking solely about the next three years, they're thinking about the next election too. That's what they had to get out of these coalition agreements - longevity.  

Talking to sources that worked with Peters in the 2017 term, about 18 months in is when he got itchy and started wanting to campaign against them - that's easier if he's out of the DPM role.   

And it works for Seymour - he gets to pick up the mantle when the Government is starting to deliver some of the stuff he negotiated so he can take that to the 2026 campaign.  

When it comes to who won, we are seeing here a true MMP Government.  

Unlike the 2017 term where nothing got done without Peters' approval, Labour learned it couldn't do anything that wasn't written down in its document, and them and the Greens got forced into swallowing dead rats nearly every day, this time around National has written everything in these documents, including how to disagree.  

Everyone is expected to comply with a "no surprises rule" - making sure any potential problems or scandals don't catch the others unawares and they'll hold a coalition committee meeting once a sitting block to check in on progress.  

On policy, National got an assurance that it could implement its fiscal plan, 100 day plan, tax plan and 100-point economic plan.  

But to get there, boy did National have to concede a lot to these smaller parties who have shown their negotiating might. Both New Zealand First and ACT dragged National to positions far away from its comfortable centrist territory.  

On Monday, the Coalition Government will be officially sworn in and their 100 day clock begins.  

Jenna Lynch is Newshub's Political Editor.