How do you achieve the balance between keeping a farm economical, and keeping the environment healthy? Is it actually doable?
Dairy has had many decades of being very good on the economics and not so good on the environment, and now there is a huge amount of pressure to ensure that changes.
Story visited one award-winning Waikato farm to see what's being done to clean up dairy's act.
Earlier this year the Commissioner for the Environment said we're reaching our environmental limits and should look at capping the number of dairy farms.
The latest data shows between 2008 and 2012, sheep and beef farming reduced by 152,000 hectares, while dairy farming increased by 158,000 hectares. The last few weeks we've seen why that could be a problem.
Watch the video for the full Story report.