Japan captain Michael Leitch has accused top-tier nations of wanting to keep high-level rugby to themselves, with the decision to axe the Sunwolves from Super Rugby next year.
SANZAAR's move to revert to a purely southern-hemisphere competition was a major blow for Japan and those who championed the growth of the game, as the nation prepares to showcase its development as host of this year's World Cup.
NZ-born Leitch, who hasn't featured for the Sunwolves this season due to commitments with the Japan national team, believes this is a mistake and that exposure to higher levels of competition is the only way to grow the sport he loves.
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"It feels like the strong teams play within themselves and won't let anyone else in," Leitch told Reuters.
"The Japanese team, we need exposure and we need to be playing top, tier-one nations on a regular basis.
"I am very disappointed. The reason the national team now is making great steps towards beating quality sides is because we have got that exposure to a higher level."
Japan have made strides in recent years, following their famous victory over South Africa at the 2015 Rugby World Cup. They have recorded comfortable victories over Italy and Tonga, and drawn with France in Paris.
The Sunwolves, who beat NSW Waratahs two weeks ago, joined Super Rugby in 2016, as World Rugby looked to ramp up enthusiasm for the World Cup, which begins in Tokyo on September. 20.
The sport's governing body insists that hosting the first World Cup outside the sport's traditional heartland will boost the sport in Asia, but the decision to exclude the Sunwolves from the Super Rugby competition appears to contradict that.
"To grow the game in Asia, we need the Sunwolves to be playing and ideally, we want the Sunwolves to be a team that all the Asian countries can look up to," argued Leitch.
"I think the Sunwolves were the key to expanding in Asia, playing in Singapore and Hong Kong... but the powers who control the world clearly didn't see it like that."
There has been talk of a lucrative, competitive league being set-up in Japan after the World Cup, but the Japanese Rugby Football Union is yet to confirm any changes to the sport's structure.
One thing is for certain, as far as Leitch is concerned: The current Top League structure will not produce players capable of challenging the established powers at the top of the international game.
"To be honest with you, Top League doesn't prepare you well for test matches," said Leitch.
"It will prepare you to beat tier-two teams on a regular basis, but if you want to become a real formidable force in the world, then you have got to be playing in the most competitive competition."