The boss of Hong Kong carrier Cathay Pacific Airways quit on Friday, the highest-profile corporate casualty of unrest roiling the former British colony, after Beijing targeted the airline over staff involvement in mass protests.
The corporate upheaval comes ahead of a weekend where further protests are planned, including what could be a large gathering on Sunday that could test whether a movement that has enjoyed broad support can retain it, even as violence escalates.
Demonstrators say they are fighting the erosion of the 'one country, two systems' arrangement that has enshrined some autonomy for Hong Kong since China took it back from Britain in 1997.
Several thousand protesters gathered peacefully at a downtown park on Friday for the "Stand with Hong Kong, Power to the People" rally, which had received police permission. Other protests planned for the weekend do not have police permission.
A rally set for Sunday by the Civil Human Rights Front, which organised million-strong marches in June, has only been allowed permission for an assembly in Victoria Park on Hong Kong island, though not a march, due to safety concerns. The group is appealing against the police decision.
Cathay Pacific, an emblem of the city, was blindsided last week when China's aviation regulator demanded it suspend staff supporting a movement that has mushroomed from opposition to a legal change in Hong Kong into wider calls for democracy.
The abrupt departure of chief executive Rupert Hogg, a move the company said was "to take responsibility ... in view of recent events", shows just how much pressure Beijing is piling on corporate giants and the city as it seeks to snuff out the protests.
Cathay became embroiled in the confrontation after one of its pilots was arrested at a demonstration in July.
- Hong Kong protest movement 'near terrorism' - China
- Cathay pilot says Hong Kong crisis 'could be the collapse of the airline'
- Protesters, police clash at Hong Kong airport after flights disrupted for second day
China's aviation regulator demanded any staff involved or supportive of the protests be removed from duty on flights to or over mainland airspace.
The company, whose chairman had initially said, before the demand, that it "wouldn't dream" of telling staff what to think, later acceded to the request, firing two pilots and saying "overly radical" staff would be suspended from mainland duties.
Hogg said these had been "challenging weeks" for the airline and it was right for him, and the company's chief customer officer who also abruptly quit, to take responsibility.
"Cathay Pacific is fully committed to Hong Kong under the principle of 'one country, two systems,'" the airline said in a statement.