Two NASA astronauts have completed a six-hour spacewalk outside the International Space Station to install a parking spot for upcoming commercial space taxis, which will end US reliance on Russia for rides to the orbiting outpost.
Station commander Jeff Williams and flight engineer Kate Rubins on Friday floated outside the station's airlock and headed toward the berthing slip once used by NASA's now-retired space shuttles, a NASA TV broadcast showed.
"Great view," said Ms Rubins, who made her first spacewalk.
Since grounding the shuttle fleet in 2011, the United States has been dependent on Russia to ferry astronauts to and from the space station, at a cost of more than $US70 million ($A91 million) per person.
During Friday's spacewalk, Mr Williams and Ms Rubins attached an adapter onto the shuttle's docking port that will allow commercial space taxis under development by Space Exploration Technologies and Boeing to park at the station, a $US100 billion ($A130 billion) research laboratory that flies about 400 km above Earth.
"It's a gateway to a new era in commercial space," said NASA mission commentator Rob Navias.
California-based SpaceX, owned and operated by technology entrepreneur Elon Musk, plans to begin test flights of its new passenger Dragon capsule to the station in 2017.
Boeing's debut flight of its CST-100 Starliner capsule is expected in 2018.
NASA had hoped to have the first of two new docking ports installed last year, but the equipment was destroyed during a SpaceX cargo ship launch accident in June 2015.
A replacement docking port is under construction and expected to be delivered to the station in early 2018.
On Friday, Mr Williams and Ms Rubins routed a cable for the second docking port's installation in early 2018.
The astronauts had planned to tackle a few other lower-priority maintenance tasks, but NASA decided to end the spacewalk after an intermittent communications problem developed with Mr Williams' spacesuit, Mr Navias said.
Mr Williams and Ms Rubins are scheduled to make another spacewalk on September 1 to retract a solar array cooling panel that is no longer being used and to install a high-definition television camera on the station's exterior frame.