A major international newspaper has published a list of 34,361 refugees who have died trying to reach the shores of Europe in the last 15 years.
The 56-page list was published for the first time in an English-language newspaper in the June 20 print edition of the Guardian, where it is included as a supplement.
It has been published to coincide with International Refugee Day. Introducing the list in a tweet, The Guardian referred to the mass deaths as "the defining crisis of our times".
The list is based on records of all reported refugee deaths of those trying to reach Europe since 1993, kept by activist group United for Intercultural Action (UIA) in the absence of official data.
UIA is a network of international NGOs who support migrants and refugees.
The names of the dead are mostly anonymous, but the 56-page list details the name, gender, cause of death when known, region of origin, and the source of the report of the refugee's death.
UIA acknowledges that the death toll is likely much higher as thousands of deaths are undocumented.
The list is also available in a PDF version online.