A Scottish court has rejected a bid by campaigners seeking an order to force UK Prime Minister Johnson to ask for a Brexit delay if he has not struck a deal with the European Union in less than two weeks' time.
The court concluded there was no need to take any pre-emptive action against Johnson because he had given legal assurances that he would abide by a law compelling him to ask the EU for an extension if no divorce deal had been agreed.
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"The government accepts that in executing its political policy it must comply with the 2019 Act," the judge, Paul Cullen, said in his ruling.
"That being the government's clearly stated position before the court, there is no need for coercive orders against it or against the prime minister to be pronounced."
Campaigners later said an appeal will be launched against the court's ruling.
Last month, the UK parliament passed legislation, known as the "Benn Act", which requires him to send a letter to the EU asking for a delay if he had failed to agree a deal by October 19 unless he had lawmakers' approval to leave without any agreement.
With the clock ticking down to Britain's departure on October 31, Johnson has consistently said he will not ask for a delay and that he would rather be "dead in a ditch" than seek any further extension.
But he has also said he will not break a law that forces him to request one if no withdrawal agreement deal has been agreed without explaining that apparent contradiction.
Anti-Brexit campaigners, who believe Johnson will use a legal loophole or send a second letter, threatening to sabotage EU processes if they grant a Brexit delay, asked Scotland's Outer House of the Court of Session to issue an order compelling him to comply with the Benn Act.
But the judge said assurances given by the government's top legal officer in Scotland not to frustrate the Benn Act meant it was unnecessary to do so.