Israel approves plan to attack Rafah but keeps truce hopes alive

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. Photo credit: Getty Images

Israel approved on Friday a potential assault on the Gaza city of Rafah while also keeping ceasefire hopes alive with plans to send another delegation to Qatar for talks on a possible hostage deal with Islamist militant group Hamas.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's office said he had ok'd a plan to attack the city on the southern edge of the shattered Palestinian enclave where more than half of its 2.3 million residents are sheltering after five months of war.

Global allies and critics alike have urged Netanyahu to hold off attacking Rafah, for fear of mass civilian casualties. But Israel says it is one of the last strongholds of Hamas whom it has pledged to eliminate and that residents will be evacuated.

"The IDF (Israeli Defence Force) is preparing operationally and for the evacuation of the population," Netanyahu's office added in its brief statement on the Rafah attack plan.

No timeframe was given and there was no immediate evidence of extra preparations on the ground.

Negotiators failed this week to reach a ceasefire agreement in time for the Ramadan Muslim holy month. But Washington and Arab mediators are still determined to reach a deal to head off an assault on Rafah and let in food to stave off starvation.

The Israeli statement said that Hamas' demands for the release of hostages remained unrealistic, but an Israeli delegation would still head to Doha once the security cabinet had discussed its position.

"Netanyahu is manoeuvring and playing time game to conduct more crimes of genocide. He isn't interested in reaching an agreement," senior Hamas official Sami Abu Zuhri told Reuters.

Israel has rejected claims of genocide, saying it is purely focused on destroying all Hamas fighters.

Hamas offer

More than two weeks after receiving an Israeli-approved proposal for a truce, Hamas gave mediators on Thursday its first formal counter-proposal in more than a month. Like previous proposals from both sides, the offer, reviewed by Reuters on Friday, foresees dozens of Israeli hostages being freed in return for hundreds of Palestinians held in Israeli jails, during a weeks-long ceasefire that would let in aid.

It also called for talks in a later stage on ending the war, seen as anathema to Israel which says it will negotiate only over a temporary truce.

Though Israel did not accept, its description of the terms as "still unrealistic" was notably milder than the language it used about the previous Hamas offer last month, which Netanyahu called "delusional".

Interviewed on Israel's N12 News on Friday, security cabinet member and National Unity minister Chili Tropper said there were still wide gaps in Israeli and Hamas positions.

"We have to be honest with the public, if we reach a deal that will return our boys and girls home, it will come at a cost, and a heavy one," he said.

"It won't be at any cost, but we also shouldn't mislead. To bring back these people, who we failed to protect on Oct. 7, we will have to pay a price. What will that cost be? I'll leave that to closed doors."

The war began with an attack by Hamas Islamist fighters from Gaza who killed 1,200 people and seized 253 hostages in Israel on Oct. 7, according to Israeli tallies. Since then, an Israeli assault has killed more than 31,000 people and driven nearly the entire population of Gaza from their homes.

First aid ship 

Meanwhile, the first ship bringing aid by sea, the Open Arms, arrived off Gaza.

Israel said 130 pallets of humanitarian equipment and 115 tonnes of food and water were offloaded to World Central Kitchen (WCK) charity's trucks for distribution after security checks.

If the new sea route is successful, it may help to ease hunger in Gaza, where hundreds of thousands of people face malnourishment and hospitals in the worst-stricken northern areas have reported children dying of starvation.

However, aid agencies have repeatedly said that plans to bring in aid by air and sea would be far from sufficient as long as most access by land is restricted.

The United Nations says a quarter of Gazans are on the precipice of famine.

Israel, which has sealed off all land routes into Gaza apart from two crossings on the territory's southern edge, denies blame for hunger and says aid agencies should do a better job.

Distribution of the limited aid that arrives has been chaotic and frequently violent.

In one of the worst reported incidents yet, Gaza health authorities said at least 21 people had been killed and 150 wounded at a queue for aid near Gaza City on Thursday night, blaming Israeli forces for shooting into the crowd.

Israel denied its troops were to blame and said Hamas fighters had opened fire. Reuters was not able to independently confirm either account.

There is increasing friction between Washington and Israel over the war, which officials in President Joe Biden's administration say is being waged with too little care for civilians.

U.S. Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer, the highest-ranking Jewish elected official in the United States and a leader of Biden's Democratic Party, called on Thursday for Israelis to replace Netanyahu, whose hardline policies he said were wrecking Israel's international standing.

Biden said on Friday that Schumer had made "a good speech" and his concerns were shared by many Americans. U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken told reporters in Austria that the United States needed to see a clear and implementable plan from Israel for Rafah, including to get civilians out of harm's way.